TALKING TURKEY: HOW DO I FENCE MY RURAL OR URBAN FARM?

Posted by Michelle Goodwin on Sat, Nov 21, 2015

 


The turkey is a majestic and friendly bird that anyone can raise and own. They forage well and take up very little room.

Though many "experts" recommend that turkeys be raised seperate from chickens, many backyard flocks raise turkeys alongside their flocks of chickens, bantams, ducks and geese.ul and helpful in controlling a variety of pests, turkeys are easy to raise and fun to watch. Turkeys can be a profitable addition to a large to small farmstead.

Also gaining recent popularity is the desire for the small urban farm youtr own backyard. 

People typically raise turkeys for meat, although some people like to keep a Tom (a mature male turkey) around as a pet.

Before you decide to add turkeys to your country or urban farmstead, here are the basics on raising them the right way.

 


In an Eggshell: What Turkeys Require for Home Enclosure Needs.


Turkey2

First you need to ask yourself, Are turkeys right for my rural or urban farm? Turkeys require a different setup as far as housing and pasture from laying hens. They like to be outdoors regardless of the weather, although they do need to be eight to twelve weeks of age before they can safely be on pasture. 

If you've raised chickens for eggs or meat, turkeys are similar-but they require a bit more babying, especially as poults (young turkeys). They are also very social with humans, much more so than chickens, so you'll need to be willing to spend some time with your birds every day.

Before then, they should be kept in a brooder, perhaps with access to a fenced in sun porch. 

 

 

  • Safety & protection from predators

  • Places to dust bathe

  • Wood or metal roosts to fly into at night

  • Access to range with other livestock

  • A safe, durable and weather resistant fence system

As a general rule of thumb: 5 by 8 foot roost will house about 20 turkeys.

*Please keep in mind that urban farm foul laws vary from city to city in the United States. Recent laws have made it easier for residents to raise backyard foul and many citizens are taking advantage of the opportunity for fresh eggs and meat and a closer connection to their food supply. If you are interested in following this trend with your very own flock, it's important to understand the legal basics in your community. 

Fencing and Housing for Your Turkeys

Wood is an ideal construction material for a roost or a pen fence, and electical conduit can also be used as extra turkey security on top the wooden posts to keep the pen lightweight and easily movable.  If the roost or turkey tractor is very lightweight, it may need to be staked down so it doesn't blow over or away.

For temporary fencing, you can use electric poultry netting. If you want to build a more permanent enclosure, your farm fence should be as high as possible - at least four feet - given that these birds can and will fly

Wooden fencing structures are tried and true not only for the livestock's protection but also to provide more organic and natural farm aethetic. The wood fence can be topped with netting, to further enforce security and prevent escape. 

Woven wire fencing is another good option and is made of smooth wire horizontally, held together by vertical wires or "stays." The horizontal spacing is closer toward the bottom and wider at the top. It is held in place with wood posts or metal T-posts. Woven wire fencing is ideal permanent fencing for goats, sheep, pigs and poultry. Because these animals can squeeze through larger-spaced wires, or dig under or climb over other fences, woven wire is often chosen to keep them contained. Some farmers use it for horses as well.

The fencing should always be flush to the ground and sturdy so that the turkeys are protected from predators such as fox, raccoons, weasels and neighborhood dogs. You can also trim the wing of their feathers of rogue flyers, as most turkeys will probably stay in the fenced in pen happily unless something disturbs them.

Turkeys can be turned out onto pasture with cattle if you are enclosing a rural farmstead. They will scratch and pick corn and other undigested grains out of their fellow livestock's feed in order to spread nutrients and improve the biologic quality of the pasture.

They will also eat pest weeds such as nettles, dock, and chicory which aids in nurturing pasture as well.

Thus far, recommendations for simple movable root structures and fenced in pens assume you are raising spring turkeys that will be slaughtered for meat at around 28 weeks of age, and thus you don't need winter housing or separate gated or fenced in spots for toms and hens to guard and sit on their eggs. A fenced in pen with solid sides makes a good space for a broody hen to hatch out poults. This can be within the large or small turkey roosts.

 

turkey farm hurricane fence turkey farm fence

Reaping the Rewards of a Small Turkey Farm 

woven wire

Raising friendly, handsome turkeys for your family's use is both fun and worthwhile. If you raise them to eat, you'll have a much more wholesome and flavorful turkey than anything you could buy at the supermarket. Several of the old heritage breeds are still available, as well as the modern broad-breasted whites.Raising and housing turkeys has been gaining momentum. At the 2010 American Poultry Association National Poultry Show in Shawnee, Oklahoma, there were over 4500 birds shown. Of those 4500 birds, less than 60 were Turkeys. At the 2012 convention of the same name there were over 140 turkeys!
turkey fence fig05

One of our country's founding father's Benjamin Franklin is notorious for his very public opinion on the tukey as America's first national bird. In letter to his daughter, Franklin wrote:

   "For my own part I wish the Eagle had not been chosen the representative of our country. He is a is a bird of bad moral character. He does not get his Living honestly. You may have seen h  perched on some dead tree near the river, where, too lazy to fish for himself, he watches the labor of the Fishing Hawk; and when that diligent Bird has at length taken a fish, and is bearing it to his nest for the support of his mate and young ones, the Eagle pursues him and takes it from him."

Topics: Fence, hoa fence, wooden fence, farm fencing, security fence, farm fence, thanksgiving fence

Cutting Edge Fencing: Surrounding your Property with Barbed Wire

Posted by Michelle Goodwin on Sat, Jun 20, 2015

 

 

Barbed Wire & Barbed Tape: A Cutting Edge Partnership in Security Fencing

Without a doubt, the primary use for barbed wire and barbed tape ib the US is for perimeter security. This brief will give you a better understanding of the uses and benefits of this highly effective security fence application. Both barb wire and barb tape are almost always used in precarious commercial environments. Properties where large outdoor machinery automobiles, and large property areas that are out of direct eyesight will ensure that these areas are accounted for. The aggressive appearance of the wire is sometimes thought to detract from the visual appeal and diminish a commercial property's value. In actuality, an area secured with the addition of these tried and true fence materials provide a utilitarian security that affords immeasuable fence cost benefits both short and long term use.


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Barb Basics

Barbed wire is a type of fencing wire that has sharp or pointed edges typically around 5 or so inches. It is used as an inexpensive yet effective added security measure for small and large, rural and urban properties alike. Originally for farm fence, it gained urban acclaim in the early 20th Century and expanded to a means of to keep people as well as city critters out of private and restricted areas. 

Barbed wire and barb tape were brought into the mainstream farming community by this guy. Glidden refined Henry Rose's original single-stranded barbed wire design and significantly improved upon it by using two strands of wire twisted together to hold the barbed spur wires firmly in place. Glidden’s wire also soon proved to be well suited to mass production techniques, and by 1880 more than 80 million pounds of inexpensive Glidden-style barbed wire was sold, making it the most popular wire in the nation.

 

 

Small but Mighty

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A person or animal trying to pass through or over a fence will surely have discomfort and obtain possible serious injury from sharp barbs. A qualified and highly skilled fence company can construct or add these commercial fence features quickly and easily. Don't be mislead by the quick turnaround of this sort of fence installation. 

Fence pros have taken the required OSHA safety courses to know how this precarious security fence application should be handled and installed.Some projects may require, five, six and even seven strands of wire may be used to maximize fence height and minimize spacing between wood farm fence installations. The wire is aligned under tension between braced heavy fence posts. The addition of barb wire is widely used in the military security, state and federal prisons, detention houses, data centers, government buildings and other national security facilities. 

One of the biggest commercial uses for fence particularly barbed wire in Virginia is for enclosed farm fencing where animals are often transported, bought or sold.Ask a fence contractor and they'll concur that more often than not, a well-built yet minimally maintained 3 of 4 wirewire fence will suffice in most instances. 

Applications

12 ½ gauge is an industrial gauge that meets military specifications. 15 ½ gauge barb wire is typically used for light commercial grade and temporary fencing. One of the benefits to 15 ½ gauge is that the barbs are sharper. Barb wire comes in galvanized and vinyl coated steel. Vinyl coated  barb can come in green or black and the actual barbs are not coated. Barbwire is made of low carbon steel wire or galvanized wire with the twisting processing by the barbed wire machines.Materials: low carbon steel wire, PVC coated wire, zinc coated wire, iron wire.

Barb Wire Uses

-Land fencing and protection
-Animal cage
-Neighborhood and Business security fencing aid.

          -fencing with chain link fence or welded wire mesh fence.

  • Features:  No stretching required when installing
  • Barbs fixed between wires
  • Adaptable for all fencing needs.  
  • Uniformly zinc coated

Typically, a new roll of barbed wire is 80 rods [1,320 feet (ft.)] in length and consists of double strand galvanized wire with barbs attached  at intervals of about 4 inches.

A lower grade barb wire can be used to prevent animals on farms and refuges, but chain link with 3 to 6 strands on top is used for commercial or military grade fence.Barbwire fencing, hurricane fence, richmond barb wire fence, rva fence, barb wire fencing richmond

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A mesh of metal strips with sharp edges whose purposeis to prevent passage by humansThe term "razor wire", through long usage, has generally been used to describe wire tape products. While razor wire is much sharper than the standard. Named after its appearance, but is not actually razor sharp. However, the points
are very sharp and made to rip and grab onto clothing and flesh.

-Source: Wikepedia

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Gauge in B.W.G. Approximate Length of wire per Kilo in Meter
Barbs Spacing 3" Barbs Spacing 4" Barbs Spacing 5" Barbs Spacing 6"
12 × 12 6.0617 6.7590 7.2700 7.6376
12 × 14 7.3335 7.9051 8.3015 8.5741
12-1/2 × 12-1/2 6.9223 7.7190 8.3022 8.7221
12-1/2 × 14 8.1096 8.814 9.2242 9.5620
13 × 13 7.9808 8.899 9.5721 10.0553
13 × 14 8.8448 9.6899 10.2923 10.7146
13-1/2 × 14 9.6079 10.6134 11.4705 11.8553
14 × 14 10.4569 11.6590 12.5423 13.1752
14-1/2 × 14-1/2 11.9875 13.3671 14.3781 15.1034
15 × 15 13.8927 15.4942 16.6666 17.5070
15-1/2 × 15-1/2 15.3491 17.1144 18.4060 19.3386

Here is a handy chart to help you start the conversation with your pro fence contractor what works for your property.
Generally accepted razor lengths:
  • short razor wire has barbs from 10 mm to 15 mm long
  • medium razor wire has barbs 20 mm to 25 mm long
  • long razor wire has barbs from 60 to 66 mm long.
  • Razor wire is much sharper than the barbs of barbed wire. The sharp edges of the wire can seriously
    injure any person attempting to pass through.

A Good Starting "Point".

Always contact a local AFA, Blue Ribbon or Osha Certifed Fence Contractor.

Depending on the nature of the fence you hope to install, you should always hire a professional to make sure the job is done correctly in a timely fashion. If your fence project requires design build, an experienced security contractor or commercial fence builder is definitely the way to go. Both professionals have the knowledge and expertise to get your new fence installed safely, and as quickly as possible.

Topics: Military Fence Installations, Fence Design, Perimeter Security, High Security Fence, Commercial Fence, Maximum Security Fence, barb wire fence, barbed wire, farm fencing

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