Virginia has imposed the following Pool Fence Codes.
All outdoor pools, spas, and hot tubs with a depth of over 2 feet (24 inches) require a fence/barrier enclosurement around it. The enclosure must be non-climbable, and a minimum of 48 inches above completed ground level.
Details of Pool fence Regulations:
Non-climbable barriers are required
- Solid barriers, such as brick walls, must have no protrusions or indentations.
- Horizontal design elements less than 45 inches apart must be on the inside face; vertical elements must be spaced at 1 Â¾ inches or less.
- Horizontal design elements greater than or equal to 45 inches apart are permitted to be located on either side of the barrier; vertical elements must be spaced at four inches or less.
- Openings which constitute a pattern capable of being climbable (such as chain-link) must be limited to 1 Â¾ inches when measured horizontally.
- 2 inches maximum between ground level and bottom of the fence/barrier.
- 4 inches maximum between the top of an above-ground pool and the bottom of the fence/barrier.
- Less than 4 inches for all other openings that do not constitute a pattern of being climbable.
- 1 Â¾ inches (measured horizontally) or 1 Â¼ inches (diagonally) for openings in chain link or lattice-type barriers or other barriers with diagonal design elements.
- Must meet non-climbable barrier requirements.
- Must be self-closing/self-latching and swing away from the pool.
- Latches must be 54 inches (4 Â½ feet) from bottom and at least three inches from the top of the gate on the pool side.
- There shall be no openings one half inch or greater within 18 inches of the latch.
- Must be labeled in accordance with UL 2017.
- Must sound immediately and continuously for 30 seconds.
- Must be heard throughout the house and reset automatically.
- Must be capable of being deceived temporarily
- Must be located 54 inches above the door threshold.